Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2018, Page: 34-43
Vulnerability Assessment of Cyclonic Hazards in Coastal Region of Bangladesh
Md. Sohel Rana, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh
Md. Abu Saeed Al Azad, Department of Planning, Development Design Consultants (DDC), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Jahidul Islam, Department of Social Work, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh
Received: Mar. 13, 2018;       Accepted: Mar. 28, 2018;       Published: Apr. 26, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.urp.20180302.11      View  745      Downloads  46
Abstract
The aim of this study is to identify the hazards that are associated with cyclone and to prepare hazard maps with various intensity (low, medium and high) through questionnaire survey and Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) method in Paikgacha Upazilla of Khulna District is a major cyclone prone area of Bangladesh. The collected data reveals that salinity, water logging, embankment erosion, tidal surge and storm surge are the major cyclonic hazards and have adverse effects on agriculture, structure, occupational pattern, consumption pattern and service facilities of that area. As a result, vulnerability assessment has done to identify the most vulnerable sector by the impacts of multi-hazard using Weighted Index method. The analysis of the data shows that structural sector (24%) is more vulnerable compared to other sectors. Because, the housing condition is not much better condition in terms of construction material and technology. During cyclone period heavy wind speed and storm sure damage and destroy the housing roof and wall. On the other side, occupational pattern (23%) reflects as second rank vulnerable sector in the study area. This research helps to mitigate risks by hazard mapping and plays an important role in recovery strategies against multi-hazards risks of cyclone.
Keywords
Bangladesh, Coastal Region, Cyclone, Hazard, Vulnerability
To cite this article
Md. Sohel Rana, Md. Abu Saeed Al Azad, Md. Jahidul Islam, Vulnerability Assessment of Cyclonic Hazards in Coastal Region of Bangladesh, Urban and Regional Planning. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2018, pp. 34-43. doi: 10.11648/j.urp.20180302.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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