Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2019, Page: 144-151
Spatial and Temporal Principles and Methods of the Historical Urban Environment Composition Transformations
Margaryta Didichenko, Department of Design Architectural Environment, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Kyiv, Ukraine
Irina Bulakh, Department of Design Architectural Environment, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Kyiv, Ukraine
Olena Kozakova, Department of Information Technologies in Architecture, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Kyiv, Ukraine
Received: Oct. 29, 2019;       Accepted: Nov. 23, 2019;       Published: Dec. 4, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.urp.20190404.13      View  72      Downloads  25
Abstract
The composition development of the historical urban environment is relevant and requires constant improvement and research conducted on the identification and analysis of internal morphological patterns basis. In order to systematize analytical knowledge and skills in determining the nature of urban changes and operation with a historical context, a system of four principles of spatial and temporal compositional transformations is proposed, describing previously revealed patterns of urban development, based on the characteristic processes of change and growth of the composition. Two methods are substantiated according to each of the principles which are designed to give a logical description of the means of embodying the systematic change of the urban planning composition, as well as to determine the immediate processes and ways of development of the composition structure. In order to remain the internal interpreting related processes logic, the article structure is formed by blocks, each defines the exact principle and justifies the two corresponded methods. Thus the principle of spatial scale is marked by a regulated controlled growth of urban planning, which is characterized by spatial scaling methods and the uniformity of structural changes. The principle of the structure balance is described by the processes of self-organized systematic stabilization of the urban composition. It corresponds to the methods of the parts comparison and system stabilization. The principle of systemic rhythmicity is determined by the internal qualitative processes of concentrating on the development of planning design and structuring of the beforehand created composite elements. It is characterized by the methods of regular alternation and the system hierarchy. The principle of compositional harmony is based on the processes of planning system external oriented adaptation and the conformity of the created composition to the principles of sustainable development. It is implemented by the methods of spatial proportionality and the evolutionary integrity of the system. For illustrates the interconnectedness of the principles, characteristic processes and patterns of spatial composition development, general compositional techniques, appropriate methods and parameters of spatial modifications of the planning structure, it is suggested to place all the data in the correlation table. This enables further methodical identifying of the inherent features and to identify the appropriate principles and methods of compositional modifications within the consideration of the new urban planning case. These research conclusions may be used in the creation of further well-founded study recommendations, which can be implemented in the renovation and revitalization of urban spatial structures projects.
Keywords
Spatial Planning, Spatial Composition, Planning Structure, Development Principles, Methods of Transformation, Harmonious Development, Urban Patterns
To cite this article
Margaryta Didichenko, Irina Bulakh, Olena Kozakova, Spatial and Temporal Principles and Methods of the Historical Urban Environment Composition Transformations, Urban and Regional Planning. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2019, pp. 144-151. doi: 10.11648/j.urp.20190404.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
K. Kushnaryova "To the definition of the essence of the concept of the historical city" Architectural Review KNUCA, 2018, Issue 16, pp. 88-97.
[2]
V. A. Lavrov (1977). The development of the planning structure of historically developed cities. Moscow: Stroyizdat. 196 p.
[3]
V. L. Glazychev (2008). Urban Studies. Moscow: Ed. Europe. 220 p.
[4]
A. R. Cuthbert (2006). The form of cities. Wiley-Blackwell. 328 p.
[5]
P. J. Larkham and M. P. Conzen (2014). Shapers of urban form: explorations in morphological agency. Routledge. 360 p.
[6]
M. Davies (2003). Design in the Historic Environment. The Building Conservation Directory. Available: https://www.buildingconservation.com/articles/design/design.htm.
[7]
I. A. Dobritsyna (2004). From postmodernism to non-linear architecture: architecture in the context of modern philosophy and science. Moscow: Progress-Tradition. 416 p.
[8]
I. V. Korotun (2006) Principles of architectural and planning organization of ensemble building. Kyiv: KNUCA. 20 p.
[9]
V. O. Timokhin (2008). The architecture of all development. 7 books on urban theory. Kyiv: KNUCA. 629 p.
[10]
A. Hoblyk "Newtonian analog method in modeling the effects of urban planning self-organization" Space & form: scientific journal, 2015, Issue 24/2, pp. 67–76.
[11]
M. M. Gabrel, M. M. Kosmiy "Intangible factors and qualitative characteristics in the formation of spatial structures of the city. Historical Context" Architectural Review KNUCA, 2018, Issue 17-18, pp. 300-319.
[12]
B. Hillier "What are cities for? And how does this relate to their spatial form?" UCL: The Journal of Space Syntax, Issue 6/2, 2016, pp. 199-212.
[13]
A. E. J. Morris (1994) History of Urban Form. Longman Scientific & Technical. 456 p.
[14]
M. Berghauser-Pont and P. Haupt (2010). Spacematrix. Space, Density and Urban Form. NAi Publishers. 280 p.
[15]
K. Kropf "Aspects of urban form" Urban Morphology, 2009, Issue 13, pp. 105-120. Aviable: http://www.urbanform.org/online_public/2009_2.shtml.
[16]
K. Kropf (2017) The handbook of urban morphology. Wiley. 248 p.
[17]
A. E. Gutnov (1985). The world of architecture: the language of architecture. Moscow: Young Guard. 351 p.
[18]
N. V. Mamakov (1990) City: the experience of compositional analysis. Publishing house of Kazan University. 189 p.
[19]
A. G. Rappaport (2002) To the understanding of the architectural form. Moscow: NIITAG RAASN. 140 p.
[20]
F. Chin (2005) Architecture: form, space, composition. Moscow: AST: Astrel. 399 p.
[21]
N. Kozodaeva "Morphology of the architectural form" Cultural studies analytics, 2010, Issue 2 (17). - Aviable: http://analiculturolog.ru/архив-журнала/2010-year/выпуск-2-17-2010.
[22]
Y. I. Yegorov "Contemporary Problems of Formation of the Spatial Composition of the Historic Cities of Ukraine" Contemporary Problems of Architecture and Urban Planning, 2013, Kyiv: KNUCA, Issue 33, pp. 235-242.
[23]
T. Y. Kutuzova (2016) Patterns of compositional development of regular historical plans in Ukrainian cities. Kyiv: KNUCA. 21 p.
[24]
G. I. Bolotov "The role of the aesthetic alternative in the process of urban space management and its harmonization" Modern problems of architecture and urban planning, 2019, Kyiv: KNUCA, Issue 53, pp. 100-109.
[25]
S. Kostof (1991) The City Shaped: Urban Patterns and Meanings Through History. Thames & Hudson. 352 p.
[26]
E. H. Gombrich (1999) The uses of Images. London: Phaidon Press Limited. 304 p.
[27]
G. I. Revzin (2002) Essays on the philosophy of architectural form. Moscow: OGI. 144 p.
[28]
L. A. Radionova, N. V. Snitsar "Space and time in architecture in a historical and philosophical context" Communal services of cities, 2007, Kyiv, Issue 79, pp. 423-427.
[29]
E. G. Trubina (2011) City in theory: experiments on the comprehension of space. Moscow: New Literary Review. 520 p.
[30]
H. A. Ohrim "The Interpretation of the Category of Time in Architecture"Architectural Review KNUCA, 2018, Issue 11, pp. 206-212.
[31]
J. Till "Architecture in Space, Time" Architecture and Anthropology, 1996, Issue 3, pp. 12-16.
[32]
T. Hinse (2014) The Morphology of the Times: European Cities and their Historical Growth. DOM Publishers. 304 p.
[33]
M. O. Didichenko "Definition and rating of the morphology landmarks of the urban planning system" Urban planning and territorial planning, 2018, Issue 68, pp. 130-139. Aviable: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/MTP_2018_68_19.
[34]
M. O. Didichenko "The research method for studying the development of the composition of urban planning in the space and time" Urban planning and territorial planning, 2017, Issue 65, pp. 158-165. Aviable: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/MTP_2017_65_23.
[35]
I.V. Bulakh "Artistic and Aesthetic Formation and Evolution of Architectural and Urban Planning" Space. Science and Innovation, 2019, Issue 5 (5), pp. 57-66. DOI: 10.15407/scine15.05.057.
[36]
G. Kovalska, I. Merylova, I. Bulakh "Urban improvement of comprehensive schools and out of school educational establishments in Ukraine" International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering (IJITEE), 2019, Vol. 8, Issue 12, pp. 1765-1770. DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.L3229.1081219. Aviable: https://www.ijitee.org/wp-content/uploads/papers/v8i12/L32291081219.pdf.
[37]
I. Bulakh, L. Kozakova, M. Didichenko "The innovative trends in architecture and urban planning of health care institutions" International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering (IJITEE), 2019, Vol. 9, Issue 1, pp. 317-323. DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.A4111.119119. Aviable: https://www.ijitee.org/wp-content/uploads/papers/v9i1/A4111119119.pdf.
[38]
I. V. Bulakh "Common Features of Architectural Design of the Medical Purpose" Building. Science & Technique, 2019, Issue 18 (4), pp. 311-318. DOI: 10.21122/2227-1031-2019-18-4-311-318 Aviable: https://sat.bntu.by/jour/article/view/1990.
Browse journals by subject