Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2020, Page: 25-31
Indiscriminate Waste Disposal and Health Hazards in Mamfe, Cameroon
Tende Renz Tichafogwe, Department of Geography, Faculty of Arts, Letters and Social Sciences, the University of Yaounde 1, Yaounde, Cameroon
Ashu-agboko Franklin Etchi, Department of Geography, Faculty of Arts, Letters and Social Sciences, the University of Yaounde 1, Yaounde, Cameroon
Received: Feb. 23, 2020;       Accepted: Mar. 10, 2020;       Published: Mar. 23, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.urp.20200501.14      View  358      Downloads  74
Abstract
Indiscriminate waste disposal constitute a major deficiency to most Cameroonian cities nowadays. Unorthodox dumping of waste in Mamfe has triggered urban disorder and nuisance in the town. It is in furtherance to this that, this article seeks to address the health hazards accrued from poor waste management in Mamfe. The article advances that the inadequacy of waste disposal equipment coupled with no sustainable policy of management and mentality of the city dwellers have incited the incidence of diseases. Some 150 questionnaires were administered to households in the Mamfe neighbourhood to determine the impact of poor waste disposal to the town. The Spear Rho Rank Order Correlation was used to test the effect of solid waste on the sanitary health of the Mamfe community. Further field survey through observation was done to capture images of poor waste disposal. These varied methods were used to generate data for results and analyses. Results from findings adhere to the fact that the Mamfe community generates 70.59% of biodegradable waste, 25.32% of non-biodegradable and 4.09% of inert materials. A correlation index analysis of the effect of solid waste on sanitary health of the community stood at R = 0.9976 indicating a very strong relationship between waste and sanitary diseases in Mamfe. The poor implementation of waste disposal policies has led to unstable and excessive dumping of waste in the town. Much waste was generated in less privileged neighbourhoods than the privileged ones due to settlement in the unplanned areas of Lala, Banya, Satum and Egbekaw in the expansion process of the town. This paper advocates that, community based organs and NGOs be used to establish a waste management system in Mamfe. Waste education through El-Hager’s 4Rs concept of reduce, reuse, recycle and recovery be put in place to render the Mamfe town sustainable for living.
Keywords
Waste Disposal, Health Hazards, Management Policy, Community Based Organs, 4Rs Concept, Mamfe
To cite this article
Tende Renz Tichafogwe, Ashu-agboko Franklin Etchi, Indiscriminate Waste Disposal and Health Hazards in Mamfe, Cameroon, Urban and Regional Planning. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2020, pp. 25-31. doi: 10.11648/j.urp.20200501.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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