Volume 5, Issue 2, June 2020, Page: 61-69
The Impacts of Poor Solid Waste Management in Legetafo-Legedadi Town, Oromia, Ethiopia
Mesfin Assefa, Ethiopia Institute of Architecture, Building Construction and City Development, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Birhanu Girma, Ethiopia Institute of Architecture, Building Construction and City Development, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Received: May 27, 2020;       Accepted: Jun. 15, 2020;       Published: Jun. 29, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.urp.20200502.14      View  96      Downloads  47
Abstract
Forced, by rapid increases in urban population, municipal administrations in Ethiopia are wrestling with an ever rising problem of solid waste management. In the emerging Legetafo-Legedadi town open and indiscriminate dumping of solid waste is rampant and piles of decaying growing in the garbage remain uncollected. The study focused on an analysis and discussion of the challenges of solid waste around the open dumpsite and environmental, economic, and health impacts arising from the haphazard and poor waste management. In doing investigation, descriptive research design was followed. Using purposive sampling technique, key informants were selected. Besides, participants were selected using simple random sampling technique. The data gathering instruments employed in the study were, interview, key informant interviews, focus group discussion, and site observation. The findings of the study revealed that existing solid waste collection practice could not cope with the increasing volume of solid waste in the town. Illegal dumping is increasing polluting the roadsides, open spaces, and temporary collection sites with potential health menace to the residents of the town Accordingly, 59 percent (216) of the respondents stated that open dumpsite posed public health risks; 18.9 percent (69) said that there was uncontrolled dumping even at the dumpsite, and 12.3 percent (45) argued that the open dumpsite contaminated groundwater. Apparently, the residents are facing health and environmental challenges due to poor management of solid wastes. With this regards, it is recommended that the town administration should apply integrated solid waste management system.
Keywords
Poor Waste Management, Integrated, Environmental, Economic, Climate Impact
To cite this article
Mesfin Assefa, Birhanu Girma, The Impacts of Poor Solid Waste Management in Legetafo-Legedadi Town, Oromia, Ethiopia, Urban and Regional Planning. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2020, pp. 61-69. doi: 10.11648/j.urp.20200502.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Akinbile, C. O., & Mohd, S. Y. (2011). Environmental Impact of Leachate Pollution on Groundwater Supplies in Akure, Nigeria. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development 2 (1): http://www.ijesd.org/papers/101-F10106.pdf, 81-86.
[2]
Baker, J. (2012). Climate Change, Disaster Risk, and the Urban Poor: Cities Building Resilience for a Changing World. Washington, DC: World Bank. World Bank.
[3]
Bernstein, J. (2004). Toolkit for Social Assessement and Public Participation in Municipal Solid Waste Management. Washington D. C: Urban Environment Thematic Group, ECSSD.
[4]
Bryman, A. (2004). Social Research Methods. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[5]
Blore, I, & Nuan, F. (1996). Living with Waste: Public Valuation of Solid Waste Impacts in Bangkok‖, Papers in the Administration of Development, 57, Development Administration Group, University of Birmingham.
[6]
Cohen, L., Manion, L. and Morrison, K.. (2000). Research Methods in Education,. London: Routledge.
[7]
Fraenkel, J. &Wallen, N. E. (2009). How to design and evaluate research in education (7th ed). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill.
[8]
Hailu, W. (2011). National Waste Management Strategy for Ethiopia, Ministry of Urban Development and Construction. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[9]
Kaza, S. L.-T. (2018). What a Waste 2.0: A Global Snapshot of Solid Waste Management to 2050. Washington, DC: World Bank Group: World Development Series.
[10]
Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining Sample Size for Research Activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30, 607-610 Ethiopia. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 7, 107-122.
[11]
Leedy and Jeanne Ellis Ormrod (2005). Practical Research: Planning and Design, Ninth Edition, Merrill. Pearson Education, Inc.
[12]
Ludwig, A., Parada, C., Loreto, E. L. S., Goñi, B. (2003). Genetics and molecular analysis of a Drosophila willistoni spontaneous mutation similar to eyeless. D. I. S. 86: 138-142.
[13]
Mesfin Assefa, Birhanu Girma, Community Participation in Integrated Solid Waste Management in Legetafo-Legedadi Town, Oromia, Ethiopia, Urban and Regional Planning. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2020, pp. 15-24. doi: 10.11648/j.urp.20200501.13.
[14]
Mesfin Assefa, Muktar Mohammed. Solid Waste Generation Rate and Characterization Study for Laga Tafo LagaDadi Town, Oromia, Ethiopia. International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2017, pp. 84-93. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepp.20170506.11.
[15]
Modak, P. (2016). Municipal Solid Waste Management: A Guide for Sustainable Urban Development in the 21st Century. Shanghai.
[16]
Sinthumule, N. I., & Mkumbuzi, S. H. (2019). Participation in Community-Based Solid Waste Management in Nkulumane Suburb, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. Resources, MDPI, 1-16.
[17]
UNEP 2005. One Planet, Many People: Atlas of Our Changing Environment. Nairobi, Kenya: United Nations Environment Programme, Division of Early Warning and Assessment. Earth Print.
[18]
UNEP. (2009). Developing Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan-Training Manual’, Vol. 3: Targets and Issues of Concern for ISWM. UNEP.
[19]
UN-HABITAT. (2009). Solid Waste Management in the World’s Cities. Nairobi, Kenya: UN-HABITAT.
[20]
UN-Habitat. (2010). Solid Waste Management in the World’s Cities: Water and Sanitation in the World’s Cities 2010. Earths can. http://www.waste.nl/sites/waste.nl/files/product/files/swm_i world_cities_2010.pdf. London and Washington, DC: UN-Habitat.
[21]
WHO. (2016). https://www.who.int/gho/publications/world_health_statistics/2016/en/
[22]
Woldetsadik, A. A. (2017). Practices of solid waste management by municipality and community in Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia: A case of Adama City, Ethiopia. SSRG International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science 4 (1), 1-7.
[23]
World Bank. (2012). A Global Review of Solid Waste Management: Urban Development Series Knowledge Paper No-15. World Bank.
Browse journals by subject